The Environmental Impact of Industrial Asbestos Use


Over the years, asbestos has been a material widely used in different industries due to its excellent heat-resistant properties, durability, and affordability. However, the negative environmental impacts of industrial asbestos use have been a growing concern in recent years. In this article, we'll take a closer look at the environmental impact of industrial asbestos use.

The History of Asbestos Use

Asbestos has been used for centuries in different applications. In the 19th century, large-scale mining of asbestos began in North America, and by the 20th century, it had become a popular industrial material worldwide. Asbestos was used in the construction of buildings, factories, ships, and even household items such as hairdryers, toasters, and ovens.

The Negative Environmental Impact of Asbestos Use

The negative environmental impact of asbestos use is mainly due to the release of fibers into the air and water. Asbestos fibers are tiny and can easily become airborne, allowing them to be inhaled and causing serious health issues to humans. In addition, asbestos fibers can also contaminate soil and water sources when dumped or disposed of improperly.

Air Pollution

Asbestos fibers are released into the air through activities such as mining, manufacturing, and demolition of asbestos-containing buildings. This leads to increased air pollution, which can harm the health of humans and animals alike. Inhaling asbestos fibers has been linked to lung cancer, mesothelioma, and other respiratory diseases. The long-term effects of asbestos exposure include scarring of the lungs and the development of lung cancer.

Water Pollution

Asbestos fibers can also contaminate water sources when wastewater from factories and mines is discharged improperly. The fibers can settle on the bottom of rivers, lakes, and oceans, where they can remain for years. This can have a severe impact on aquatic life, including fish, shellfish, and other marine animals.

Soil Pollution

Improper disposal of asbestos-containing waste can lead to soil pollution. The fibers can contaminate the soil for years, making it unsuitable for agricultural or residential use. In addition, asbestos fibers can also be carried by wind and can settle on crops, making them unsafe for consumption. This can cause a broader environmental and public health crisis.

The Current State of Asbestos Regulation

The negative impact of asbestos on the environment and human health led to a global ban on asbestos use in many countries. However, countries like Russia, China, and India still continue to mine and use asbestos, including the most hazardous form of asbestos - chrysotile. The lack of adequate regulations in these countries increases the likelihood of asbestos pollution, which will continue to have a significant impact on the environment and public health.


In conclusion, the negative environmental impact of industrial asbestos use is undeniable. The harmful effects of asbestos on human health, aquatic life, and the environment as a whole are a growing concern. Governments and industries must prioritize the regulation and phase-out of asbestos use to mitigate the current damage and prevent further pollution. The long-term impacts of asbestos pollution should be taken into account when making decisions about industrial materials, and sustainable alternatives should be explored to reduce reliance on harmful materials.